What was the conclusion of the war of independence in 1857. The evidence of urdu newspapers 11 rebel press, delhi 1857 18 the rebel administration of delhi 28 the profile of a saintly rebel. The revolt of 1857 introduction the revolt of 1857 forms one of the most important chapters in the history of the struggle of the indian people for liberation from the british rule. You can search for a specific document type by using the dropdown list on the left. Maulavi ahmadullah shah 39 the gwalior contingent in 1857 58. The revolt started as a mutiny of sepoys of east india companys army on 10 may 1857 in the cantonment of the town of.
Introduction of the cartridge which was believed to coated with pigs and cows skin which is strictly prohibited for muslims and hindu respectively. Revision worksheets, sample papers, question banks and easy to learn study notes for all classes and subjects based on cbse and cce guidelines. The impact of the 1857 revolt modern indian history for upsc. Kings, peasants, tribals, landlords and we sepoys, all were dissatisfied with the british rule. The sepoy mutiny and the revolt of 1857 by r c majumdar. The rebellion began on 10 may 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the companys army in the garrison town of meerut, 40 mi 64 km northeast of.
Even though it did not spread all over india and was confined to the northern and central parts of the country, it almost swept away the british rule. The main persons behind this rebellion were the soldiers sepoy. The great rebellion of 1857 or what was supposed to be a sepoy mutiny has. European responses to 1857 the revolt of 1857 in india. This revolt is called as first war of independence by some historians. The revolt of 1857 was one of the first wars of indian independence against the british. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of indian society nurtured against the british rule. The first expression of organised resistance was the revolt of 1857. Revolt a rebellion of people against established authority and power. Highlanders capturing the mutineers guns at cawnpore, indian mutiny, 16 july 1857 c1895. The 1857 mutiny was suppressed by the british reason r. Revolt of 1857 on sunday, 29 march, it was reported to lieutenant baugh, adjutant of the 34 th n. The sepoy chooses mughal emperor bahadur shah as their leader. Revolt of 1857 translation in hindi, kannada, malayalam.
Dec, 20 this video or animation explains the revolt of 1857 which is one of the major event in the struggle for indian independence. This is the website of a research project on european responses to the 1857 revolt. Revolt of 1857 is considered as a watershed movement in history. On sunday, 29 march, it was reported to lieutenant baugh, adjutant of the 34 th n.
Some people also called thisindias first war of independence. Ppt the revolt of 1857 powerpoint presentation free to. You can also look for material in specific languages by clicking the languages button above which opens up a list of links. Pdf the war of 1857 was a great event that influenced the future. Firma k l mukhopadhyny, calcutta april 1957, pp 278, index. Jan 12, 2014 the rebellion posed a considerable threat to company power in that region, and it was contained only with the fall of gwalior on 20 june 1858. Book from the archaeological survey of india central archaeological library, new delhi. This revolt was not because of immediate reactions by indians, but due to oppression carried out by britishers for more than a century. Congress rank and file to start the mass civil disobedience. The britishers could quell the revolt only with the support of the indian rulers. A project of edinburgh university on the 150th anniversary of the indian uprising 2007. K datta considers the revolt as a military outbreak, taken a.
L that a sepoy, named mangal pandey, had turned out. The indian rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in india in 185758 against the rule of the british east india company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the british crown. For in kanpur the revolt was led by nana saheb, the six days there was desperate fighting. Planemad if you are using the image under the creative commons share alike license please credit the photo ccbysa planemadwikimedia and include a link to this page. Except for people like the rani of jhansi and tantya tope few fuedal lords participated in the mutiny. L that a sepoy, named mangal pandey, had turned out the first to rise was a.
A substantial part of the official documents are available in digital versions of the. As you know, the revolt of 1857 which is called sepoy mutiny, great revolt and the first war of indian independence is the watershed in the history of pre. He attacked his british sergeant on 29 march 1857 at barrackpore. What were the causes and consequences of the revolt of. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of colonial rule.
It began on may 10, 1857 when indian sepoys from the east indian companys army created a mutiny in meerut that soon spread throughout the central and northern india cities. The india house was the apex body to govern india and was a connecting link between the british parliament and the indian governing system. Though the spark for the revolt was lit by mangal pandey at barrackpore earlier the same year, the revolt actually began in may at meerut. We have compiled important information about this revolt of sepoys in 1857 against the east indian company in pdf format. Sep, 2018 hello dear exam tricks followers, in this post we are going to share an important pdf on causes of revolt of 1857, europeans companies. Pdf the revolt of 1857 the first war of independence. The project was conducted in the school of history, classics and archaeology, university of edinburgh, between september 2006 and august 2008, to coincide with the 150th anniversary of the uprising.
By 1857, the material for a mass upheaval was ready, only a spark was needed to set it afire. Indian rebellion of 1857, sepoys, british east india. The revolt began with a mutiny of the sepoys, or the indian soldiers of the companys army, but soon engulfed wide regions and people. It was after this that the nationalistic movement in the country gathered momentum. The bombay times and journal of commerce 18381859, the bombay times and standard 18601861, and the times of india 1861current. Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for ias. The collection includes digital reproductions providing access to every page from every available issue for the following titles. Millions of peasants, artisans, and soldiers fought heroically for over a year and by their courage and sacrifice wrote a glorious chapter in the history of the. The revolt or uprising of 1857 was a valiant effort by disgruntled indian sepoys to overthrow the colonial power from indian shores, however, it ended in failure. Revolt of 1857 the indian rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the east india companys army on 10 may 1857, in the town of meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper gangetic plainand central india, with the major hostilities confined to presentday uttar pradesh, bihar, northern madhya pradesh, and the. The revolt of 1857, europeans companies, kissan andoln is an important marker in indian history, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the civil services prelims and mains 2.
In fact the participation of the feudal lords, native rulers, etc. The revolt of 1857 was a great challenge to the colonial rule in india. But the revolt did not remain limited to the soldiers, later it spread and took a massive form. This was the first time when indians got together to fight against an invincible military power. The indian mutiny was an uprising against british rule in india which began in 1857. The territory india claims is legally theirs, but the claim is disputed by china and pakistan line of controlline of conflict. The historiography of the indian mutiny 18578 suggests that livelihood classes responded to. The sepoy of the third cavalry at meerut revolted on a.
About the new cartridge a rumour had broaden that the new cartridge enclosed in a paper covered with the fat of cow and pig. The rebellion posed a considerable threat to company power in that region, and it was contained only with the fall of gwalior on 20 june 1858. Cbse class 8 social science the revolt of 1857 worksheet. The revolt of 1857 began on 10 may, 1857 with the mutiny of the sepoys at meerut in present uttar pradesh but soon it engulfed wide regions and the people. The revolt of 1857 was clearly not a success but it is unfair to dismiss it as a mere mutiny. You do not have to be a history expert to clear upsc civil services. When people rebel 1857 and after 5 policies and the people in the previous chapters you looked at the policies of the east india company and the effect they had on different people. Historians like sir john seeley called the revolt a mere sepoy mutiny with no popular support and native leadership. Tatya tope 1814 18 april 1859 was an indian maratha leader in the indian rebellion of 1857 and one of its more renowned generals. It was the most severe outburst of anger and discontentment accumulated in the hearts of the various sections of the indian society ever since the inception of the british rule. Guide to sources on the sepoy mutiny of 1857 in colonial india. Though in some places, fractional clashes began before that. Name the governorgeneral when the 1857 revolt broke out assertiona.
Sheer courage could not win against a powerful and determined enemy who planned its every step. Revolt of 1857 has a significant importance in indian history. The revolt of 1857 was an important marker in indian history, and is an important area where questions have repeatedly featured in the civil services prelims and civil services mains examinations conducted by the union public service commission upsc. The mutiny of eighteen fifty seven economic and political. The bombay times and journal of commerce 18381859, the bombay times and standard 18601861, and the times of india 1861. The sheer scale of the uprising and its unique place in the narrative of anticolonial resistance has prompted it to be interpreted on several occasions in the past by nationalist leaders, historians and officials and. Thus the british parliament was trying to create a mechanism to avoid any further chances of revolt. Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus. Revolt of 1857 history in hindi 1857 indian rebellion mangal pandey, bahadur shah, lakshmibai duration. Students and parents can download free a collection of all study material issued by various best schools in india. We will look into each cause of the failure of the 1857. The revolt of 1857 is regarded by many as the first war of indian independence. Emergence of press, development of rapid means of transport and communication, and the impact of the contemporary european movement accelerated the growth of this national sentimence. The revolt of 1857 1 the revolt of 1857 2 the great revolt the first war of independence 3 no transcript 4 mangal pandey 5 the out burst.
The rebels were dealt an early blow when the british captured delhi on 20 september 1857 after prolonged and bitter fighting. The cumulative effect of british expansionist policies, economic exploitation and administrative innovations over the years had adversely affected the positions of all rulers of indian states, sepoys, zamindars, peasants, traders, artisans, pundits, maulvis, etc. The revolt of 1857 was much more than a mere product of sepoy discontent. Their crime these troopers had refused to load their rifles with the new cartridges. Price rs 15, eighteen fifty seven by surendra nath sen, the publications division, government of india. The rebellion is also known as indias first war of independence, the great rebellion, the indian mutiny, the revolt of 1857, the uprising of 1857 and the sepoy mutiny. On 9th may 1857, on the parade ground of meerut, 85 indian troopers were court martialled. The reasons for the failure of the 1857 revolt are many and can be grouped into administrative, military and political causes. This document was uploaded by user and they confirmed that. It was, in reality, a product of the accumulated grievances of the people against the companys administration and of their dislike for the foreign regime. The revolt of 1857 sepoysmutiny or rebellion or first independence war of india pdf free download the revolt of 1857 is a major incident in the history of modern india.
About the book the revolt of 1857 is being increasingly recognized as one of the major events of the nineteenth century, a turning point in the history of imperialism. He joined the september 1857, the british reoccupied delhi. This revolt can aptly be termed the first war of indian independence against the british. Revolt of 1857, which led to the removal of british company rule in india, is the display of utter hatred and anger in indians towards the foreign rule. What were the causes and consequences of the revolt of 1857. The one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the great indian revolt of 1857 is being observed this month. Sepoy mutiny and the revolt of 1857 internet archive. In the context of the revolt of 1857 the term revolt refers primarily to the uprising of the civilian population peasants, zamindars, rajas, jagirdars while the mutiny was of the sepoys. The events of 1857 have long been the subject of bitter controversy, and have provoked more empassioned literature than any other single event in indian history. Indian rebellion of 1857 stock pictures, royaltyfree. Dec 17, 2014 revolt of 1857 history in hindi 1857 indian rebellion mangal pandey, bahadur shah, lakshmibai duration. Syed ahmed khan was one of the leading figures of muslim india, and the revolt of 1857 was the defining moment of his life. The revolt was started on 10th may of 1857 in the town of meerut. South asian newspapers from the world newspaper archive.
It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the companys army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. The revolt of 1857 was a major upheaval against the british rule. In 1857, a revolt broke out in northern and central india and nearly swept away british rule. Indian rebellion of 1857 stock pictures, royaltyfree photos. Aug 27, 2017 the revolt or uprising of 1857 was a valiant effort by disgruntled indian sepoys to overthrow the colonial power from indian shores, however, it ended in failure. Several of these will eventually include the period of 1857, but as of feb.
During the siege of cawnpore in 1857 nana sahibs forces attacked the british entrenchment at. The out burst of 1857 project by manas joshi revolt of 1857 3 4. The revolt failed due to lack of planning, organization and leadership. Mangal pandey on sepoy of the 34th native infantry stationed at barrakpur killed lieutenant on a. The times of india 18382001 offers full page and article images with searchable full text back to the first issue. Modern indian history the revolt of 1857 tutorialspoint. The british perspective on the sepoy rebellion of 1857.
Kings, queens, peasants, landlords, tribals, soldiers were all affected in different ways. This video or animation explains the revolt of 1857 which is one of the major event in the struggle for indian independence. There was fear among peoples that christian missionaries will convert them into christian. Find highquality indian rebellion of 1857 stock photos and editorial news pictures from getty images. The terms revolt and rebellion can be used synonymously. Who called 1857 revolt as the first war of indian independence. The british officials of the time, caught up in the revolt and searching for some coherent explanation, put forward a bewildering array of conflicting opinions. Primary sources indian rebellion of 1857 research guides at.
Download premium images you cant get anywhere else. It shook the foundations of the british empire in india and at some points it seemed as though the british rule would end for all time to come. The sepoy rebellion of 1857 was a truly significant event in the annals of. The revolt of 1857 mahendra guru july, 2017 general studies lecture, general study causes of the revolt was a combination of political, economic, socioreligious and military causes. You have also seen how people resist policies and actions. Revolt of 1857, europeans companies, kissan andoln. Hindus cow was holy for hindus muslims pig meat was taboo by quran project by manas joshi revolt of 1857 4 5. The first to rise was a detachment of sepoys at aligarhon may 20, if 57 this was followed by mutinies in the punjab, at naushera, on may 21, and hoti marden during the next two or three days.278 646 1172 1382 771 1420 353 1365 166 1507 1010 1270 636 1239 814 277 1462 565 847 1090 1655 1306 811 1219 807 402 480 1469 41 49 557 992 308 151 120 1084 793 15 242 1390 1372 263 305 625